Definition Strategy The 4 Ms Keeling
Training Illustra-
Biochar in Poultry Farming

Feeding My Chickens Natural Charcoal

by JP Daugherty
I feed my chickens charcoal made in a woodstove that heats my house in winter in northeast MO.
While browsing amendments to chicken litter, I read a scientist found charcoal added to chicken manure decreased ammonia by conversion to more stable ammonium...... feed supplemented with 1-3% biochar.
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Feeding chickens charcoal improves litter as fertilizer

by Stephanie Schupska
Univ. of GA Southeast Farm Press
When charcoal is used in chicken feed, bacteria in manure convert uric acid to ammonium, not ammonia. This makes litter less odorous or harmful, and can make litter a better nitrogen fertilizer for crops, too.
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Biochar in
Poultry Farming

by Henning Gerlach
& Hans-Peter Schmidt

Ithaka Institute, Switzerland
Poultry industry disease struggles often trace to microbial pathogens & ammonia in litter. Adding biochar reduces toxic ammonia, regulates litter moisture. Biting coop odor & footpad dermatitis remedied in days.
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Litter-Generated Ammonia Captured by Activated Carbon Derived from Broiler Litter

by K.Brisolara, D.Miles, I.Lima
2011 broiler production was 8.6 billion, valued at $23.2 billion.
Report required for ammonia (NH3) emission of 18.3 tons/year. Industry must reduce NH3 from broiler farms.
Studies shows BAC can adsorb NH3 double commercial carbon. 3-day test: NH3 emission 75% of control.
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Biochar Cuts Nitrogen Loss
in Poultry Litter Compost

CSteiner, KCDass, NMcLear, DLakely
University of Georgia
Poultry litter, an underused fertilizer, contains N, P, K & micronutrients. Composting to reduce potential pathogens, weed seeds and odor often result in high N losses through volatile NH3. Biochar absorbs NH3 & water-soluble NH4+ to reduce N losses in compost.
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Using Chicken Litter
for Biochar

Josh Frye, West Virginia
International Biochar Initiative
Josh Frye raises up to 800,000 chickens a year. This is lots of poop to dispose of, and 30,000 gallons of propane to keep chicks warm in winter. When a buddy suggested visiting an Illinois gasifier to turn poop into heat, Josh was interested.
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Biochar Use in
Cattle Farming

by Achim Gerlach
Ithaka Institute, Switzerland
90% of biochar made in Europe is used in livestock farming. Mixed in feed, added to litter, used to treat slurry, benefits are quickly apparent. Health & well-being of livestock improve in a short time. Nasty smells & nutrient losses are reduced.
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Biochar in the Vinyard

Sustainable Winegrowing

Yealand Family Wines
New Zealand vinyard uses biochar from grapevine prunings to add to compost to store nutrients & water.
Biochar also stores carbon in soil to help to mitigate climate change.
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Biochar Enriched
with Dairy Manure Effluent
Impact on C & N Dynamics

D.V. Sarkhot, A.A. Berhe, T.A. Ghezzehei
Study effect of biochar on leaching loss of soil nutrients and GHGs.
Biochar enriched by shaking 24 hours with dairy manure. Increased C & N in biochar by 9.3% & 8.3%.
8-week incubation & leaching experiments with soil, soil+1% biochar, soil+1% enriched biochar.
Biochar & enriched biochar yielded:
* 68% & 75% nitrification reduction,
* 221 & 229% ammonia reduction,
* 67 & 68% CO2 flux reduction.
Biochar enriched by dairy manure can promote C & N soil storage.
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Sea Minerals in
Dairy Farming

Minerals, Milk & Immunity

by David Yarrow
Acres USA, November 2011
Feeding full spectrum sea minerals to dairy cows increases milk protein and butterfat. Daily feeding yields lower somatic cell counts and other increases in livestock health.
These farm stories reveal the power of micro-nutrients, and highlight how to get the most from the least - the micro-nutrients - trace elements, nano-nutrients, pico-elements.
Beyond mere improved productivity, complete animal nutrition with full spectrum sea minerals assures high-quality, nutrient-dense food.
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Sea Energy in Agriculture

The Life & Research of
Dr. Maynard Murray

by David Yarrow
Acres USA, November 2001
Seawater is a complete menu of minerals—every element that dissolves in water is in seawater, in proper biological ratios.
Dr. Murray began to research animals that don't get cancer. This led him to discover sea water added to farmland improved crop yield, density, nutrients, and flavor.
Muray's 30 years of research show minerals & trace elements are key to immunity and reproduction.
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Onondaga Buffalo

Indigenous Animal & Community

by David Yarrow
My first attempt to use sea minerals in soil was three test plots in a buffalo pasture at Onondaga Nation. Error in calculation led to insights on the power of trace elements in soil, microbes and biology.
Buffalo expressed such keen desire for these trace elements, my test plots resulted in 22 tons getting spread on the 640-acre pasture.
But my greatest surprise and true delight came a year later when I checked my first test plot again.....
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Link Library
Biochar in Soil
Biochar Use in Soil
Terracharge Your Soil Battery
4 M's to Prepare Biochar
Using Biochar in Soil
Create World Class Soils

Soil Carbon
Carbon-Negative Farming
Terracharge Your Soil Battery
Diamond in the Rough
Let Freedom Ring!
Restore Grassland Ecosystems

Sea Minerals
Sea Energy in Agriculture
Sea Minerals in Dairy Farming
Sea Minerals on Buffalo Pasture
SEA-90 sea minerals
SeaAgri: sea mineral supplier

Biochar in Poultry Farming
Feeding Chickens Charcoal
Charcoal improves Litter
Biochar in Poultry Farming
Ammonia Captured by Carbon
Biochar Reduces Nitrogen Loss

Farming & Food

Carbon-Smart Farmer Training
Carbon-Smart Training: illustrations
Carbon-Smart Definition
Carbon-Smart Strategy
Carbon Sequestration in Soil
Global Cooling
Under Cover Farmers
Soil Carbon Cowboys
Cool-Food consumer labeling

Soil Food Web
Microbes & Biology

The Soil Food Web
The Soil Carbon Connection
Make the Most of Microbes
Advanced Compost Tea
Farm-scale Compost Tea
Inoculants & Sources
SCD Probiotics
Bio-Green Trichoderma
Fungi & Mushrooms

Food & Farming

Nutrient-Dense at Saratoga Apple
Growing Nutrient-Dense Crops
Bio-Nutrient Food Association

Soil Mineral Balance
Major Minerals
Base Saturation
Cation Exchange Capacity
Anion Exchange Capacity
Trace Elements

Rockdust & Stonemeal
soil remineralization

Stone Age Agriculture
USDA Rockdust Research
How to Make Topsoil
Tree Nursery in Australia
Rock Dust Local
Remineralize the Earth

Locally Integrated Food & Energy

August 2009

Woodgas & Bioenergy
Biostove & Bioenergy Camp
Keystove XL Biochar Heater
TLUD Fabrication
Venturi Vortex Gas Flare
Kon-Tiki: Improved Cone Kiln
Woodgas Wizard Wayne Keith
Woodgas History

Growing with Biochar
with 8 KS farms

Growing with Biochar
SARE Biochar proposal
Biochar on the Farm
KAW Valley Biochar

BIOCHAR: the story
the source
the miracle
the promise
Biochar Use in Soil
Guidelines & Instructions
Let Freedom Ring!
Geology into Biology
Carbon, Minerals & Microbes
4 M's

Prepare Biochar
for use in soil

at Saratoga Apple
Living Web Farms
five videos
with Bob Wells,
Jon Nilsson & Patryk Battle
grow food in changing climate
Lettuce Seedling
Trials with Biochars

Saratoga Apple, Summer 2010
Venturi Vortex
TLUD Biochar Burner

optimum combustion
Eating Our Way
to a Sustainable Future

answers to climate calamity
on the Farm
SARE-funded project

Lawrence, Kansas
Research & Demonstration
Biochar Test Plots
Vajra Farm
Hoyland Farm
Lulu's Garden
Common Ground
Moon on the Meadow
Buller Family Farm
Divine Ratio
Alice in mathematical wonderland
Water Angel
in India

TERRA : The Earth Restoration & Regeneration Alliance          Carbon-Smart Farming & Food          7/11/2014