Growing with Biochar
USDA SARE grant project

KAW Valley Biochar
Lawrence, Kansas
Common Ground
Biochar Test Plot

418 Oak Street, North Lawrence, KS
Stu Shafer, Devin Gerling
June 22, 2013
5th SARE Test Plot
Sweet Potatoes

The fifth biochar test plot of Growing with Biochar was installed at Common Ground Local Food Project on Saturday, June 22. This KAW Valley Biochar project is funded by a 1-year Farmer-Rancher grant from USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE). Eight on-farm test plots will be created to demonstrate proper use of biochar in carbon-smart farming.
Common Ground Local Food Project
Sustainable Agriculture Education, Johnson County Community College
AERIAL PHOTO
North Lawrence, Kansas

click for larger map

June 19 Common Ground Local Food Project in northeast Lawrence was visited by research field agent Devin Gerling and coordinator David Yarrow. Common Ground is growing vegetables a second year on an acre at 815 Oak Street, nearly on the Kansas River bank. Soil is sandy silt river deposits. Sparsely growing weeds suggest soil is weak, tight, low in carbon, calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus, trace elements.

Professor Stuart Shafer, Chair of Sustainable Agriculture at Johnson County Community College (JCCC), began Common Ground in 2012 to teach sustainable agriculture to JCCC students. Stu has 35 years experience in organic farming, an MA in Sociology from Univ. of Kansas, Candidate of Philosophy in Sociology from Univ. of California San Diego. The lot is supplied by municipal water from a hydrant, and drip irrigation system. Produce is mostly marketed through Rolling Prairie Farmers Alliance CSA. 50% of harvest is donated to Just Food food bank in Lawrence.
Devin Gerling
measures & marks first test bed

Test Bed #2
dry, uninoculated BioChar'ge
Test Bed #3
inoculated BioChar'ge
Devin sprinkles sea solids
four cups

Test Bed #2
raw biochar

Test Bed #3
inoculated biochar

Test Bed #3
with sea solids
Stu will plant Sweet Potatoes in the test plot. Once again, we had to adapt the standard test plot design to the reality of farm and crop. Stu planned to plant three rows of sweet potatoes, each row the full width of the lot, which Devin measured as 80 feet. Stu imagined applying biochar in narrow strips, then rototilled into the root zone. This meant 12, maybe 15-inch wide strips.

Stu's plan mixes biochar in soil around a plant crown bud where tubers form. Biochar, minerals and microbes will significantly loosen and open soil for tubers to swell easily. But hair-like feeder roots extend far more widely throughout the soil, scouring up water and nutrients to send to the tubers to be stored. Stu's strategy will not deliver strong nutrients to those feeder roots. Additional action is needed to adjust nutrient levels and availability in soil beyond the 12-inch strip.

We agreed to create three test beds, each 12 inches wide, 80 feet long, separated by 4 feet. Sweet potato slips will be planted in three straight, 80-foot rows, with drip irrigation. From north to south, the three test beds are:
1) Control: fertilizer only
2) BioChar'ge only: raw, dry
3) BioChar'ge plus: incculated+sea solids

The next day, Devin and I prepared a batch of inoculated biochar. This time we brought two 30-gallon trash cans to the test plot, which is right by a water faucet. We divided 30 gallons of BioChar'ge oak biochar between the trash cans, added equal water, and stirred in three quarts of SCD BioAg.

Two days later, we returned with another 30-gallons of BioChar'ge. Devin measured and marked three 80-foot-long test beds, then dug six-inch-deep holes to take soil samples. Given the weak soil and spotty plant growth, significant amendments may be needed. Soil tests will identify major mineral or trace element deficiencies, and enable us to formulate extra nutrients for the sweet potato crop.

We applied raw and inoculated BioChar'ge in 12-inch wide strips. Devin then scattered SEA-90 sea minerals on the inoculated char. Given the obviously poor soil, I told Devin to apply a stronger dose of sea minerals—over 4 cups on the 80-foot test bed.

The west third of the designated row

This test plot is a single
Completed Test Beds
rototilled & planted, with drip irrigation

RESOURCES
Lawrence Sustainability
Vajra Farm
KAW Permaculture
Sustainability Action Network
Lawrence Edible Forest Project
International Biochar Initiative
www.biochar-international.org

U.S. Biochar Initiative
www.biochar-us.org

Microbiology
SCD Probiotics
Mycorrhizal Applications
Mycorrhizae: Building Your Soil
Growing with Biochar
SARE grant Biochar proposal
Growing with Biochar
KAW Valley Biochar
Biochar on the Farm

Biochar in Soil
4 M's to Prepare Biochar
Using Biochar in Soil
World Class Soils

Carbon-Smart
Carbon-Smart Farming
Let Freedom Ring!

"Cool-Food" Labeling
www.dyarrow.org/cool-food

TLUD Fabrication & Operation
www.dyarrow.org/TLUD
www.dyarrow.org/venturi

Woodgas Power & Biofuels
Woodgas Wizard Wayne Keith
Woodgas History

Nutrient-Dense Food
Nutrient-Dense Introduction
Nutrient-Dense Campaign
Nutrient-Dense at Saratoga Apple

Sea Minerals
Sea Energy in Agriculture
Nutrient-Dense Dairy Farming
Nutrient-Dense Milk
American Bison
SeaAgri: SEA-90 distributor

BIOCHAR:

the story
the source
the miracle
the promise
Research & Demonstration
Biochar Test Plots
Vajra Farm
Hoyland Farm
Greenman
Subterra
Lulu's Garden
Common Ground
Moon on the Meadow
Buller Family Farm
Give Growers Guidance
Biochar
on the Farm
SARE-funded project

Lawrence, Kansas

Let Freedom Ring!
Geology into Biology

Carbon, Minerals & Microbes
Venturi Vortex
TLUD Biochar Burner

optimum combustion
Lettuce Seedling
Trials with Biochars

Saratoga Apple, Summer 2010
The 4 M's
to
Prepare Biochar
for use in soil

Carbon-Smart
Farming

grow food in changing climate
Cool-Food
Eating Our Way
to a Sustainable Future

answers to climate calamity
Nutrient Dense
Farming
at Saratoga Apple
Water Angel
in India


KAW Valley Biochar     Growing with Biochar: a USDA SARE grant project     www.GrowingwithBiochar.org     6/21/2013